PHARMACOLOGY : Guideline on use of antibiotic therapy for pediatric dental patients

The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) recognizes the increasing prevalence of antibiotic-resistant microorganisms. 

This guideline is intended to provide guidance in the proper and judicious use of antibiotic therapy in the treatment of oral conditions. 
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Antibiotics are beneficial in patient care when prescribed and administered correctly for bacterial infections. 

However, the widespread use of antibiotics has permitted common bacteria to develop resistance to drugs that once controlled them. 

Drug resistance is prevalent throughout the world. Some microorganisms may develop resistance to a single antimicrobial agent, while others develop multidrug-resistant strains.


To diminish the rate at which resistance is increasing, health care providers must be prudent in the use of antibiotics.