Management of Multiple Traumatic Injuries in a Single Patient - A Case Report

Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) occur with great frequency in preschool, school-age children, and young adults comprising 5% of all injuries for which people seek treatment. 

Нey present a challenge to clinicians worldwide and proper diagnosis, treatment planning and follow up are critical to assure a favorable outcome.

Нe common etiologies includes oral factors (e.g. overjet), sport activities, traffic accidents which include pedestrian-, bicycle- and car-related injuries and some forms of violence. 

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Trauma to anterior teeth plays a critical role in aesthetics, phonetics, and functional activities of the patient. It may also result in emotional distress for both parents and afected children.

In addition to pain and possible infection, the consequences of incisal trauma include alteration in physical appearance, speech defects and psychological impact, thus affecting the child’s quality of life. 

► Read also: PERIODONTICS : Gingivitis in Children and Adolescents 

Avulsion and luxation are complex injuries that affect multiple tissues, accounting up to 16% of all traumatic injuries in the permanent dentition and 7.2% of injuries in the primary dentition . 

The management strategy and factors affecting the treatment outcome for avulsion, intrusion and luxation injuries are poles apart as the vector of forces are in different directions.  




Ditto Sharmin and Vignesh R Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India



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