TOOTH DECAY : Difference between Early Childhood Caries & Rampant Caries

Dental caries has a multifactorial etiology. It is developed upon the presence of dental biofilm, which is responsible for mediating the demineralization of dental tissues: enamel and dentin. 

There is need of interaction among three factors so that caries occur: cariogenic microorganisms (Streptococcus mutans), fermentable substrate (such as saccharose) and a vulnerable host. 


The interaction among these factors during a period of time promotes the development of caries, which begins with the appearance of opaque white spots, without cavity, on dental surface, resulting from demineralization of tooth enamel. 

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