What is Early Childhood Caries ?

Caries is a biofilm (plaque)-induced acid demineralization of enamel or dentin, mediated by saliva.

The disease of early childhood caries (ECC) is the presence of 1 or more decayed (noncavitated or cavitated lesions), missing (due to caries), or filled tooth surfaces in any primary tooth in a child 71 months of age or younger. 

early-childhood-caries

In children younger than 3 years of age, any sign of smooth-surface caries is indicative of severe early childhood caries (S-ECC). 

From ages 3 through 5, 1 or more cavitated, missing (due to caries), or filled smooth surfaces in primary maxillary anterior teeth or a decayed, missing, or filled score of ≥4 (age 3), ≥5 (age 4), or ≥6 (age 5) surfaces constitutes S-ECC. 


 
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