ORTHODONTIC : Tongue thrusting habit: A review


Deleterious oral habits are the common problem of pediatricians, which aff ects the quality of life.

Oral habits are repetitive behavior in the oral cavity that result in loss of tooth structure and they include digit sucking, pacifi er sucking, lip sucking and biting, nailbiting, bruxism, self-injurious habits, mouth breathing and tongue thrusting.

Para functional habits are recognized as a major etiological factor for the development of dental malocclusion. Thumb sucking and tongue thrusting is the common ones.

Abnormal tongue function and posture have been long debated as a cause of malocclusion. Lefoulon, in 1839 quoted “prevention is better than cure.”

Understanding the etiology, eff ects and it management at early stages may be helpful to prevent future severe skeletal malocclusion. This review deals with these aspects of tongue thrusting habit.

Read Also : ORTHODONTIC : Guiding Unerupted Teeth into Occlusion: Case Report

Definition

Tulley 1969 - states tongue thrust as the forward movement of the tongue tip between the teeth to meet the lower lip during deglutition and in sounds of speech, so that the tongue becomes interdental.

Tongue thrust is an oral habit pattern related to the persistence of an infantile swallow pattern during childhood and adolescence and thereby produces an open bite and protrusion of the anterior tooth segment.

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°ijcdmr.com
°International Journal of Contemporary Dental and Medical Reviews
°Suchita Madhukar Tarvade, Sheetal Ramkrishna



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