Class III malocclusion represents a growth-related dentofacial deformity with mandibular prognathism in relation to the maxilla and/or cranial base.
Its prevalence varies greatly among and within different races, ethnic groups, and geographic regions studied.
Class III malocclusion has a multifactorial etiology, which is the expression of a moderate distortion of normal development as a result of interaction between innate factors or genetic hereditary with environmental factors.
Various skeletal topographies of underlying Class III malocclusion are due to discrepancy in the maxillary and mandibular growth along with vertical and/or transverse problems apart from sagittal malformations.
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The spectrum of complications for Class III malocclusion ranges in gravity from dentoalveolar problems with functional anterior shift of the mandible to true skeletal problems with serious maxillomandibular discrepancies, which makes its diagnosis highly challenging in growing children.
Edlira Zere / Prabhat Kumar Chaudhari / Jitendra Sharan / Kunaal Dhingra / Nitesh Tiwari
Foto: Clinica Dental Herrera