Prosthetic treatment can play an important role when treating children whose dentition fails to develop normally.
The congenital absence of teeth is one of the most frequent reasons for the need of complete and partial dentures for young children.
Some genetic conditions, such as hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia and Papillon-Lefevre syndrome, may cause oligodontia or anodontia.
Premature loss of primary teeth due to grossly caries may be another reason for the need of complete dentures for preschool children.
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Treatment of patients with oligodontia can challenge the clinician not only because patients present a great number of congenitally missing teeth, or even anodontia, but also because of the age they are usually referred for rehabilitation.
Several treatment strategies have been reported for the management of patients suffering from anodontia, oligodontia, and malformed teeth. Conventional removable complete or partial dentures are usually the most frequent prosthetic treatment plan for these young patients.
Nádia Carolina Teixeira Marques / Carla Vecchione Gurgel / Ana Paula Fernandes / Marta Cunha Lima / Maria Aparecida Andrade Moreira Machado / Simone Soares and Thais Marchini Oliveira